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Tonal range

Photography  Tonal gradation  Tone

Tonal Range
By Vincent Bockaert
The tonal range of a digital image is the number of tones it has to describe the dynamic range.



In photography, refers to mid-tone values expanding to occupy the scale between the lightest and darkest points of an image.

TONAL RANGE - The various shades of gray between solid black and absolute white.

- The range between the lightest and darkest areas of an image. Also known as Dynamic Range. A picture containing very bright areas and very dark areas has a "wide" .

Tonal Range - a photographic term used to describe the quality of color and tone ranging from an image's darkest shadow through to the brightest highlight details, including all of the transitions in between these extreme levels.
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Expand Using A Single Image
RAW files help to reveal greater shadow and highlight details ...

Extreme tonal range Sometimes, the range of tones is so great that no exposure setting will cope with both the shadow and highlight details. It may, however, be possible to sacrifice one or other and still have a usable image.

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For me, Noiseware is the most robust noise-reduction software available. Ironically, while it offers the most sophisticated feature set, very often the default settings when you first open an image are all you're likely to need.

The tonal range of the final image depends on the characteristics of the display medium. Monitor contrast can vary significantly, depending on the type (CRT, LCD, etc.), model, and calibration (or lack thereof).

The original in this desert scene is mostly in the midtone area. There are very few pixels in the 0-30 range and very few in the 240-255 range.

Evaluating the Tonal Range
Dynamic range in music is the range between the faintest and loudest sounds that can be reproduced without distortion.

The colour version of the above images seems very high contrast with a large , but in truth we can see that its overall tonality is the same, broadly speaking.

Raw files also have two other important advantages, their ability to capture a bit more tonal range than JPEGs and the ability to convert raw files in 16 bit mode. Like negatives vs.

Global Contrast: The range between the lightest and darkest portions of your image and the distribution of contrast through the to accentuate the most important elements within the photo.

Long tonal range, from highlights to shadow detail, is required. Lighting ratios must be calculated and adjusted with care, and exposure calculations must be precise.

Any edit that affect the or contrast of an image will do this. What may have been a smooth gradient in the original is no longer smooth.

One way to extend the tonal range of a digital image is by making two exposures of a scene. Shooting in Manual mode, make one exposure configured to capture the best highlight detail. Make a second exposure to capture the best shadow detail.

When you spot a photo that looks like it would average out into a that is a lot different from 18% then warning bells should sound and you will then set about helping your lightmeter by compensating the reading that it is given.

As can be seen in the detail images above, there was little difference observed in the tonal range of the scans.

The first post-processing lesson was about manipulating and balance through the levels control. With Levels, you can change the black point, white point, and midpoint (aka gamma).

The Output Levels allow a photographer to compress an image into a smaller tonal range (e.g., 10 -- 245) than the 0 -- 255 range that is normally used. The left value sets the darkest tone, and the right value sets the lightest tone.

The region where most of the brightness values are present is called the ".

When a scene is well lit and has an average tonal range (with nothing being too dark or too light) and the light is fairly even, getting a good exposure is a pretty simple process.

: The range of tones between the lightest and darkest areas.
T setting: Time setting. The shutter remains open after it is pressed and released. It is closed again by pressing the shutter release.
TTL: Through-the-lens metering.

With flatbed scanners that are being used to scan prints this isn't too important because the tonal range has already been reduced in the printing process.

The purpose of the graduated neutral density filter is to create a much narrower between the sky and land so that the overall effect of the image isn’t as contrasty. The top of one of these filters is dark and the bottom is clear.

Unlike color photography, black and white images cannot differentiate between color tonal range.

An Adobe Photoshop functionality that allows to adjust the of a digitized image.

A graph used in digital photography that displays tonal range. A straight line at 45 degrees shows that the contrast is unchanged. To modify contrast you can usually click anywhere on the line and pull it in any direction.

Now choose a tint colour for each using the Hue sliders. Alternatively, you can click the small colour swatch next to each and use the colour picker to set both hue and saturation.

Canon's CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) sensor captures images with exceptional clarity and tonal range, and offers the most pixels in its class.

The Levels dialog box lets you correct the and color balance of an image by adjusting intensity levels of the image's shadows, midtones, and highlights. The Levels histogram serves as a visual guide for adjusting the image's key tones ...

The process was capable of making exquisite prints with a wide tonal range. Negatives were printed onto a "tissue" containing carbon and other pigments in a gelatin base.

-Tone separation - process of reducing the of a photograph to a very restricted range. The final result has strong highlights and deep shadows with a set number of intermediate tones. Also refereed to as Posterization.

Output levels allow you to change the images tonal range. Instead of pure black to pure white you can adjust the maximum whiteness or maximum blackness to a shade of grey if desired.

This negative is too "flat" (low contrast) it is lacking adequate usually caused by under-exposure or under- development.
This neg is considered normal. It has blacks and whites and a nice
range of grays.

I second Chris Leavens (and totally love your style man, especially your tonal range, very subtle and very easy on the eye), it feels great to be grouped with such a strong collection of fellow illustrators!
Thanks!
Mike.

Dynamic Range describes the ratio between the maximum (true black) and minimum (true white) of an image capturing or reproduction device (i.e. a camera, a scanner, a printer).
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Histograms are a very useful tool that many cameras offer their users to help them get a quick summary of the tonal range present in any given image.
It graphs the tones in your image from black (on the left) to white (on the right).

Oil reinforcement is a method of altering the of prints on matte or textured fiber papers. The dried print is rubbed with a medium consisting of two parts of turpentine to one of mastic varnish and one of linseed oil.

See also: See also: Image, Photograph, Camera, Light, Photography

Photography  Tonal gradation  Tone

 
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