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spots See also spot.
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See "spot."
St. Gaudens
Short for Augustus Saint-Gaudens or slang for the Standing Liberty double eagle or Saint.

Milk Spots - Small white spots on high-purity silver and bullion coins caused by improper pre-minting treatment of the coin blanks. Commonly found on "Maple" silver bullion coins from the Canadian Mint.

Milk - White that appear on proof coins. These are part of the coin and can not be removed by any known process.

shiny spots
Areas on Matte, Roman, and Satin Proofs where the surface has been disturbed.

Carbon spots
Detrimental oxidation specks appearing on the surfaces of a coin.

Copper Spots
Small red/orange areas of patina that occur on gold coins because of impurities in their alloy.

, fingerprints and other discoloration, other than on copper coins, usually fall into the eye-appeal category (which will be covered a few chapters later). Most are at least partially removable, unless the coin is copper or nickel.

- Dark spots, usually black or brown, found on the surface of a coin. They can be of various sizes and shapes. These carbon colored spots are caused by oxidation on the coin's surface and will sometimes hurt the coin's value.
Carson City Mint ...

Very small of oxidation sometimes found on coin surfaces, resembling flyspecks. Caused by exposure to minute moisture particles. Top grade nickel and copper coins most susceptible.
Fractional Currency ...

Lustrous. Light spots on the reverse. Old 1st generation holder from over 20 years ago.
$150.00 Available Add to cart View
1909 VDB MS-65RD PCGS (..39) ...

Minute oxidation often seen on the surfaces of coins, particularly higher grade copper and nickel coins, caused by exposure to small drops of moisture.

Often, carbon spots will form on the surface of silver, nickel, or copper coins, damaging them to a certain extent and lowering the value. Caused by impurities in the air and/or metallic alloy of the coin.

blemishes - Minor nicks, marks, flaws, or of discoloration that mar the surface of a coin.
bronze - An alloy of copper, zinc, and tin.
bullion - Uncoined gold or silver in the form of ingots or plate.

25mm wide, dark brown patina with green encrustation in spots, clear characters, radiate lines on the rev., RARE, about Very Fine-Very Fine....SOLD Photo
Lingdi ascended the throne at age 12.

Very Good (VG): Considerable wear over the whole coin, and high worn through. Coins in this or the previous grades are really only collectable if extremely rare. This picture is of the reverse of a 1905 penny which is Good to Very Good (i.e.

There are spots of bright bronze showing in areas of harsh cleaning or possible smoothing in the fields. The field areas around both tips of the hat are of a slightly different color than the rest of the coin, possibly due to tooling or smoothing.

IMPORTANT POINT: When storing coins, be careful of the material used in the storage device, many plastics react with the surface of coins causing them to discolor or develop black .

Copper coins with even toning but lighter toned circular spots on them. When examining the lighter toned spots there was a tiny much brighter spot at the center.

Soon after the Indian Head nickel went into circulation, it became apparent that the reverse design was problematic; the "FIVE CENTS" inscription, which was on a raised mound at the bottom of the reverse, was one of the highest on the coin, ...

Grading well struck examples of No Motto fives is a rather straightforward process: look for rubbed spots on the highest portions of the design elements - the hair curls and above the eye of Liberty on the obverse and on the eagle's wings on the ...

On many, this wear will be limited to the high of the obverse with the reverse being free of actual wear. Over 75% of the original luster will be present and the protected areas should show unbroken luster.

White spots on a tin coin caused by storage at temperatures below 13.2C (about 56F) and below. Pure tin transforms from the (silvery, ductile) allotrope of β-modification white tin to brittle, α-modification grey tin.

Because of rust on the die the reverse was recut. Notice the denticle border design visible near the feet of Britannia. The denticles are much wider than on the previous example and are positioned differently.

Coin may have been dipped at one time, possibly to remove stains or spots, but not to the extent where luster is seriously impaired. Surfaces may be somewhat dulled due to environmental factors including improper storage.

"It has since been beautifully preserved," Rohan said, "and has developed no or other distractions. The coin remains a solid Premium Gem MS66, with full mint Red. For the error specialist, this would be the centerpiece of an advanced collection.

A lovely gem with only a few very minor toning spots. Certainly a highlight in the present sale.

The more serious problem is the light green which are actually fairly deep pits in the surface where the patination and underlying metal have corroded away.

The coins of the Persian Satraps and of the Greek despots in Persian pay who, from time to time, issued money at various mints on the west coast of Asia Minor, before the time of Alexander the Great, may be here classed together, ...

Peace Dollars may have what is known as a "water ", minor blemishes on the coin surface that reduce eye appeal though they don't necessarily affect the grade.

Associating sceattas with particular mints or kingdoms is very difficult, and must be based primarily upon study of find-spots, mostly made by metal detector users since the 1970s.

Moderate flat may show. Expressed in percent, werar is in the region of 26 to 35%. Detracting marks are in keeping with expectations for a coin with up to 35% wear, but they must never be severe.

Invariably, the seller will err on the higher side while the buyer will find any number of blemishes, hairlines or weak spots to lower the grade.

Flyspecks - Minute oxidation on a coin, often caused by small droplets of spittle from talking over the coin.
Focal area - The area of a coin to which a viewer's eye is drawn. Liberty's cheek is the focal point of the Morgan Dollar.

copper spot: the reddish spots of color that occasionally appear on gold coins due to oxidation of the small amount of copper in the alloy.
copper-nickel: an alloy used on United States coins that mixes Copper and Nickel in varying amounts.

nickel coins (which are 75 percent copper) and silver coins (which are 10 percent copper). Carbon spots are brown to black of oxidation that range from minor to severe - some so large and far advanced that the coin is not graded because of ...

Always set aside coins that give you even a little suspicion, if one is busy but spots or suspects that there is something odd with a certain coin set it aside for further inspection later.

Pure acetone - PVC contamination occurs when the PVC in a coin holder causes green or an oily film on your coin. In order to remove this, use pure acetone, which you can find at the cosmetics section at your local drug store.

Use bleaching cleanser on stubborn spots. Rinse well. After it's good and dry, apply a coat of masonry sealer to keep it from absorbing so many stains and dirt in the future.

Carbon Spot - Brown or black usually found on copper and gold coins. The spotting is caused by oxidation and, if severe, prevents a coin from being graded.

See also: See also: Coin, Revers, Reverse, Struck, Mint

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