Kalmyk horses are docile and calm by nature. They are not easily affected by weather conditions, hunger or fatigue. All these traits make the Kalmyk very useful as a harness and riding horse.
The people came to Russia in the 17th century and were of Mongolian origin, bringing livestock & horses with them.
Kalmyk horse was rougher than the Kirgiz, had longer neck, steeper shoulder and less steep hindquarters.
This breed was once bred by the nomadic tribe, which dwelled ont eh steppes between the Caspian Sea and Manytchem, the estuary of the river Don.
Kalmyk - mostly bay and sorrel
Karabair - bay, chestnut, gray, or black
Karabakh - chestnut or bay with a golden tint
Karacabey - extinct
Karachai - dark brown and black
Karakacan - almost all are bay in color ...
The new breed was developed by crossing native Kazakh steppe horses with Russian Don, Stralets, Astrakhan (improved ) and halfbred Thoroughbred stallions. Nevertheless, at the onset the crossbreeding was unsuccessful.
The breed was created by infusing native Kazakh steppe horses with Thoroughbred, Russian Don, Stralet, and Astrakhan (improved Kalmyk) blood.
See also: Don, Mongolian, Kirgiz, Bay, Caspian