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Universal Transverse Mercator

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Universal Transverse Mercator, UTM
A map projection and plane coordinate system based on sixty north-south trending zones, each 16 degrees of longitude wide, that circle the globe.


UTM - Geographic Coordinate System
The idea of the transverse mercator projection has its roots in the 18th century, but it did not come into common usage until after World War II.

Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)
The Universal Transverse Mercator is an international plane (rectangular) coordinate system developed by the U.S. Army. The UTM divides the world into 60 zones of 6 degrees longitude.

(UTM)
The UTM system was an attempt to set up a universal world wide system for mapping. The Transverse Mercator projection is used, with the cylinder in 60 positions. This creates 60 zones around the world.

Universal Transverse Mercator Grid System (UTM)
This system is a specialized application of the transverse Mercator projection which is both cylindrical and conformal.

(UTM).
The UTM coordinate system is commonly used in GIS for larger scale areas within a certain UTM zone. The UTM projection is formed by using a transverse cylindrical projection, i.e.

Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) The UTM projection is a projection accepted worldwide-accepted for topographic mapping purposes. It is a version of the Transverse Mercator projection, but one with a transverse secant cylinder.

(UTM)
A mathematical transformation of he earth's surface to create a flat map sheet. The UTM projection is well suited for small areas.
Unzip/Zip ...

Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)
A nearly worldwide coordinate projection system using north and east distance measurements from reference point(s). UTM is the primary coordinate system used on U.S. Geological Survey topographic maps.

(UTM) grid Military grid system based on the transverse Mercator projection, applied to maps of the Earth's surface extending from the Equator to 84 Degrees north and 80 degrees south latitudes upland Highland; ...

Box 1: Universal Transverse Mercator System.
The Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) system is frequently used for recording coordinates of features in vector-based GISs, and cells of raster-based GISs are frequently aligned along the UTM grid.

coordinate system
[edit] References
Snyder, John P. (1987). Map Projections - A Working Manual. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1395. United States Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C..

Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)
A particular subset of the transverse Mercator is the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) which was adopted originally by the US Army for large-scale military maps.


UTMS
Universal Mobile Telecommunications Systems ...

The Universal Transverse Mercator projection and grid system was adopted by the U.S. Army in 1947 for designating rectangular coordinates on large scale military maps. UTM is currently used by the United States and NATO armed forces.

The System uses a two-dimensional grid for find location of the Earth's surface. It is also based on the Transverse Mercator map projection.

The Universal Transverse Mercator system does just this. The world is divided into 60 zones of latitude, each 6o wide, that extend from 84o N to 80o S. These zones begin at 180o longitude and are numbered consecutively eastward.

UTM . A projected coordinate system in meters that divides the globe into 60 zones. Louisiana falls into two UTM zones, Zone 15 which includes most of Louisiana (west) and Zone 16 which is east of 90 degrees longitude.

The Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) projection is used to define horizontal, positions world-wide by dividing the surface of the Earth into 6 degree zones, ...

The (UTM) system is a planar projection where degrees of longitude and latitude form a rectangular grid.

UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator) - A coordinate system based on the Transverse Mercator projection. The UTM grid extends North-south from 84oN to 80oS latitude. It is divided at the 180o meridian eastward into 60 6-degree zones.

UTM: map projection.
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Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)Universal Transverse Mercator. A projected coordinate system which defines a location on earth relative to a 60-zone grid system. Locations are defined relative to the WGS84 reference ellipsoid.

If the units are meters, then we still may have a State Plane Coordinate System, or it may be something else. In the latter case, the place-appropriate zone is a good guess.

A Special Case - Universal Transverse Mercator System (UTM)
It took another 200 years for the next development in take place forthe Mercator projection.

When superimposed on a map, it usually carries the name of the projection used for the map- that is, Lambert grid, transverse Mercator grid, grid.

Universal Transverse Mercator [UTM] meters or State Plane feet). Tics are used to register map sheets when they are mounted on a digitizer and to transform the coordinates of a coverage (e.g., from digitizer units [inches] to UTM meters).

They are cast to the (UTM) projection system and are referenced to either the North American Datum (NAD) of 1927 (NAD27) or the NAD of 1983 (NAD83).

75 minute of longitude, at a scale of 1:12,000 cast on the Universal Transverse Mercator projection based on the North American Datum of 1983.

5 minute USGS topographic quadrangles (USGS quads) were used to rectify the October 5, 1990 SPOT-XS image to a (UTM) map projection (RMSE = 0.29 pixels / 5.91 m).

Converting Latitude/Longitude to Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)
On October 5th, 1996, I posted a request on sci.geo.geology and sci.geo.satellite-nav asking about conversion formulas between latitude/longitude and UTM coordinate systems.

The Military Grid Reference System (MGRS) is a grid-based system used to represent locations on the (UTM) and universal polar stereographic (UPS) grid systems, expressed as an alphanumeric string.

The variable-location and variable-length nature of profiles stems mainly from the use of the UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator) ground reference system.

The position information in a Magellan GPS receiver may be displayed as longitudeAatitude, , Military Grid or other system coordinates.

UTM - Acronym for universal transverse Mercator. A projected coordinate system that divides the world into 60 north and south zones, 6 degrees wide.
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The familiar (UTM) coordinates represent E-W and N-S movements in meters along the plane.

There is a discussion about the Universal Transverse Mercator because of its use by the National Mapping Council in Australia. Some definitions are included, such as of the poles, equator, latitude and longitude, great circles, etc.

The best known use of the transverse Mercator projection is the specialized form called (UTM) projection system.

Several of the more popular projections are: State Plane Coordinates (SPC) which uses feet for units of measure; Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) which uses meters for units of measure; and latitude and longitude which uses degrees, minutes, ...

Source maps are georeferenced to the surface of the earth, fit to the (UTM) projection, and scanned at a minimum resolution of 250 dpi. The accuracy and datum of a DRG matches the accuracy and datum of the source map.

See also: See also: Transverse, Map, Coordinate, Projection, Geographic

GIS  United States Geological Survey  Universe polygon

 
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