Transformation The process that converts coordinates from one coordinate system to another through translation, rotation, and scaling.
Affine affine  [Euclidean geometry] A geometric that scales, rotates, skews, and/or translates images or coordinates between any two Euclidean spaces.
A common transformation in North American data is between NAD83 and WGS84, or between the GCS North American 1927 and GCS WGS 1984 geographic coordinate systems as shown below.
Geometric s This function is concerned with the registering of a data layer to a common coordinate scheme. This usually involves registering selected data layers to a standard data layer already registered.
00155: No transformation exists from the data frame's datum to WGS 1984 Major Auxiliary Sphere ...
Elastic body A leastsquares computer software program run against a raw digitized data source map to produce a geographically true "X" and "Y" coordinate database referenced to any standard map system.
This land use/land transformation modeling workshop will focus on three main themes: (1) the use of landscape ecology approaches for land transformation/land use change modeling, and, in particular, ...
s and Associative Procedures In addition to nouns, our analysis requires associations. We need to model what we mean by properties NEAR subway stops. For this we will use many of the basic procedures of vector GIS: ...
TRANSFORMATION AND CONSTRAINED ADJUSTMENTS B56. The next step is derivation of transformation parameters between minimally constrained adjusted vectors and selected points in local geodetic system.
Format s Format is the pattern into which data are systematically arranged for use on a computer. Format s are used to get data into acceptable GIS format.
Transformation Parameter Computation: 5) Compute imagetophoto transformation parameters 6) Initialize exposure station parameters 7) Compute photototarget transformation parameters ...
The phase of a Spatial ETL process allows a variety of functions; some of these are similar to standard ETL, but some are unique to spatial data.
The transformation from the latitude and longitude coordinates into the geocentric coordinates is rather straightforward and turns ellipsoidal latitude (j), longitude (l) and height (h) into X,Y and Z, ...
the is made to the surface of a cone tangent at a small circle (tangent case) or intersecting at two small circles (secant case) on a globe ...
Affine transformation  A combination of linear transformations (rotation and scaling) followed by translation (shift of position). In geographic data processing, affine transformation is used to register maps of different scales and origins. ...
2. New method for map projection using Delaunay Triangulation, in addition to the least square bilinear method.
Topic 9: Transformation of Raster Datasets Supplemental references Knuth, Donald., The Art of Computer Programming, Volume 3: Sorting and Searching. Second Edition, 1998, AddisonWesley, MA. ISBN 0201896850.
DataGroup Services Part Rendering Upgrade Wizard Architectural: ...
Geometry > Transformations > Miscellaneous Transformations > AreaPreserving Map A map from to is areapreserving if ...
Coordinate s defined by mapping relations Usually those relations are not functions (e.g., the same point on the sphere may be represented by several points on the map).
However the transformation is easy to automatize if the data in their metadata header contain transformation parameters to a generally accepted local reference corresponding the site the data describe.
3) Apply the matrix to each pixel on the image to map the old location to the new location. In the case of DEMs, each point has three dimensions while L1A data has two dimensions and involves only planar s.
maptopage transformation The process of positioning and scaling a map on a graphic page. It controls how coverage coordinates are transformed into graphics on the display screen or plotter page.
The geometric s that arise during map reprojection efforts can cause problems for raster graphics and represent a third disadvantage to using the raster data model.
A mathematical transformation of he earth's surface to create a flat map sheet. The UTM projection is well suited for small areas. Unzip/Zip ...
Area (containment): arcs containing a polygon with given area The process of converting data from one coordinate system to another through translation, rotation, and scaling.
No map projection transformation can maintain scale everywhere. Angles, areas, distances and directions will be altered in the planar representation of the ellipsoidal earth.
For information on s to other grid systems: New Zealand Map Grip from Land Information New Zealand, the official mapping agency of NZ ...
General Coordinate Transformation Package (software); Geographic Coordinate Transformation Package (software) GD Geologic Div. (USGS); Geospatial data; Graphic digitization ...
10 properties that remain unchanged despite s of the numbers used to represent a measurement. isolated object frameworks p.
coordinate transformation Source: GETIS glossary A mathematical operation on coordinates that includes a change of datum.
This can be distinguished from the s done within GIS analysis software by the fact that these changes are permanent, more complex and time consuming.
This is an error measurement that most GIS report during geometric transformation of data sets. It is mathematically the spatial equivalent to the standard deviation.
Not formed by a projecting light source, Mercator's projection is a completely mathematical of the earth onto a rectangular map. It was presented in 1569 by Gerhard Kremer, known as Mercator, the Latinized version of his name.
Conversions from various formats and from raster to vector and vector to raster are examples of format transformation.
A number of mathematical s can be employed to best depict the threedimensional surface of the Earth on a flat map. However, these s do create some type of distortion artifact.
This is because in order to do operations that require raster transformations or other rater warping / clipping etc, PostGIS uses GDAL epsg files.
Geospatial data are encoded with certain units (feet, meters, degrees, etc.), the spatial components of each feature (lines, points) are projected using a mathematically defined .
Contents > Map projections > Getting started with map projections > An overview of map projections Geographic coordinate systems (all topics) Projected coordinate systems (all topics) Geographic transformations (browse all topics) Supported map ...
This generally requires a systematic mathematical of the earth's graticule of lines of longitude and latitude onto a plane.
[programming] Acronym for Extensible Style Language s. A language for transforming the tagged content in an XML document into an output document with another format.
Perhaps the most frequent geometric is the conversion of lines to polygons.
Commoditization implies the of goods and services into a commodity thus becoming an undifferentiated product characterized solely by its price, rather than its quality and features.
Available under either a UNIX or WindowsNT operating system, ARC/INFO contains a comprehensive selection of advanced functions for data entry and editing, data conversion, coordinate projection and , ...
is not a projection. uses a linear formula to transform Cartesian coordinates in the x and yaxes. There are three type of coordinate s that can be use: affine, projective, and similarity.
Because of the nonrigorous relationship between AGD66/84 and GDA94 and inaccuracies in AGD, the parametres between the two vary across the country.
Manufacturing "The Manufacturing sector comprises establishments engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical of materials, substances, or components into new products.
ArcGIS 10.2 Delivers al Capabilities The new release of ArcGIS transforms enterprise mapping with dramatic improvements in ease of use, realtime data access, and integration with existing IT infrastructures.
GIS are specialpurpose digital databases in which a common spatial coordinate system is the primary means of reference. GIS contain subsystems for: 1) data input; 2) data storage, retrieval, and representation; 3) data management, , ...
Projection A map projection is a mathematical of the surface of a sphere (3D) onto a 2D plane. Due to the laws of the universe, each type of projection must make tradeoffs on how and what features it distorts.
Conflation is a process by which two digital data layers, usually of the same area at different points in time, or two different data layers of the same area, are geographically "corrected" through geometrical and rotational s so that ...
Relational Database: A method of structuring data in the form of sets of records so that relationships between different entities and attributes can be used for data access and .
This could be a temporary for display purposes or a permanent one required for analysis. GIS technology offers many tools for manipulating spatial data and for weeding out unnecessary data.
Text format of the spatial reference system, identifying datums, projections, prime meridians, units and other spatial references. Finally the 'proj4text' column utilizes the Proj4 opensource projections library to allow coordinate ...
GIS standards categories COMPUTING STANDARDS hardware software data formats communications (cabling, network protocols) DATA COLLECTION AND STANDARDS geodetic control, locational accuracy, ...
See also: Transform, Information, Map, Model, Coordinate
