Mulching: Spread Organic Materials In Fall To Protect Plants, Improve Soil
By The Old House Web
Plant in well prepared soil. The soil can have 50% more added than you would for other vegetables.
Spinach and some of the seeds in the Mesclun Mix should be planted in mid April or as soon as the ground can be worked.
Organic material - All vegetables need a healthy amount of organic material in the soil they grow in. Organic material serves many purposes. Most importantly, it provides many of the nutrients that plants need to grow and thrive.
Most anything that was a plant will naturally decompose.
Manure is excellent for a mulch or for incorporating into the soil. Only aged manure should be used, as there is chance of burn from fresh manure. All types add organic matter and are good soil builders.
s To Avoid
Someday when your compost pile has shrunk and looks disappointedly small, you may scour your yard and home for organics to add to it. Some of those materials do not belong in your backyard compost pile.
Organic material Any material which originated as a living organism.
Ornamental Showy or visually pleasing.
OMRI- s Review Institute
This national nonprofit organization produces a list of which input products are allowed for use in organic production and processing.
Other Organic Materials
Mulch looks nice and benefits your garden.
s which have not broken down sufficiently (fresh manures, manures with lots of wood shavings, fresh leaf piles, etc.) should be turned into the garden in the fall or a few weeks before planting or applied only in small quantities.
Organic materials decompose in nature to feed soil and make it healthy. You can imitate nature in your own yard by composting your yard waste and kitchen waste.
s, also known as organic amendments, break apart tight clays and hold water and nutrients in loose sands. s include compost, peat and manure.
Organic materials such as straw, hay, shredded leaves or grass clippings work well as mulches. You can apply dry materials such as old hay three to six inches deep.
can be added to soil in the form of compost, leave, grass clippings or decomposed manure. Mixing into the soil prior to planting can give your plants the boost they need to growth and be productive.
Organic material is a natural part of soil and the cycle of life. All plants and animals eventually die and fall to the earth. There they decay, helped by other creatures such as insects, worms and microorganisms.
also encourages the development of fruit by retaining moisture and releasing micronutrients. You can add manure, peat moss or compost up to a year before planting your trees.
Organic material composes only about 1% of the soil in Oklahoma. It may be higher, up to 4-5% in the cooler upper mid West.
s can be added to the garden as individual fertilizer components. Wood ash can be used as a source of potassium in the garden. Grass clippings can also be used as potassium in the garden.
Organic material larger than 2 inches will slow down the compost process.
If grass clippings are not added to the compost occasionally add a high nitrogen fertilizer.
s Review Institute - Certified Organic Seed and Planting Stock Sources, by Crop Category or Alphabetically.
Any organic material of plant or animal origin can be converted by soil micro-organisms, fungi, insects and earthworms into a rich compost for your garden soil.
All will break down given enough time, but Costa needs a large volume as quickly as possible. To accelerate and control the decomposition, he is building a hot compost.
Add organic material, such as compost, manure, or shredded leaves to sandy soil to improve its ability to hold water and to clay soil to help it drain more quickly.
Photography by Suzanne DeJohn/National Gardening Association
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What Organic Materials Can Be Used in the Compost Pile
Most anything organic, but most popular materials are natural materials such as straw, leaves, pine straw, grass clippings, shrub clippings, garbage, fish scraps, water hyacinths, etc.
Mixing (preferably compost) and natural soil amendments with your soil is of great importance to your success as a gardener (see Organic Matter Management).
As the organic material breaks downs it creates a soil warming effect.
And finally - it really works!
Mulch: placed on the soil surface around plants to conserve moisture, prevent crusting, reduce soil erosion, control weeds and improve soil structure.
Organic material composed of decaying plant and animal matter for use in soil
Woody trees and shrubs that produce cones. Common conifers include pines, firs, spruce, juniper, redwood and hemlocks ...
MANURE -- An excreted by animals (usually from steer is sold commonly) this is used as a fertilizer and an amendment to enrich the soil.
Add Organic Material. For a healthy lawn, your soil must contain at least 2 to 5 percent of organic material. Your compost pile will provide you with these life giving nutrients.
Aerate the Area.
Add the necessary (compost) and natural fertilizers in the appropriate quantities and work them into your soil as deeply as possible. Pitch forks are great for this as well as large shovels.
of organic material such as commercially prepared compost or manure and 2 - 3 small handfuls of a slow release fertilizer. Your local garden center can recommend the proper amendments to use based on the type of tree you're planting.
Any loose, usually placed over the soil - such as ground bark, sawdust, straw or leaves - is a mulch. The process of applying such materials is called mulching. A mulch can serve various functions.
If manure and other organic material has not been used, apply fertilizer that contains both nitrogen and phosphorus before planting. All commercial fertilizers are labeled by the percentages of N-P-K; nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K).
Soil amendment: Any s you till into the soil to improve its texture and nutrient content.
Humus: The finished product of compost - a rich, black matter packed with nutrients that improves soil texture.
If your soil is heavy (clay), add organic material or plant in raised beds. Full sun is best, but eight hours will do.
Composting is nature's way of recycling and breaking down back into the soil. You can add any plant material to the pile as long as it is disease-free.
Help conserve moisture and add nutrients and organic matter by mulching with shredded leaves, evergreen needles and other organic materials.
When you lay out new flower beds, take heed of the shadows thrown off by nearby buildings, shrubs and trees.
Hunt around your town for a plentiful source of free . You might try a horse farm, food processing plant, local wood shop, or grounds maintenance service.
Cover your pile for best results.
See also: Organic, Plant, Soil, Gardening, Flower