Active Immunization or Vaccination
The terms vaccination and vaccine derive from the work of Edward Jenner who, over 200 years ago, showed that inoculating people with material from skin lesions caused by cowpox (L.
a substance composed of dead or weakened bacteria (or other pathogens), or their toxins, that induces immunity when introduced into a body
Source: Noland, George B. 1983. General Biology, 11th Edition. St. Louis, MO. C. V. Mosby ...
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The vaccine only has a 95% success rate.
This disease was once thought to have been eradicated, but is actually showing a resurgence.
A preparation containing dead or weakened pathogens that when injected into the body elicit an immune response.
A harmless variant or derivative of a pathogen that stimulates a host's immune system to mount defenses against the pathogen.
Vaccination to activate a long term immune response has erradicated small pox, and has nearly eliminated polio as a human disease. Major efforts are underway to develop HIV s.
vaccine /VAK-seen/ n. A preparation eliciting an immune response when injected into the body. Vaccines contain dead or weakened pathogens.
vacuole /VAK-yoo-ōl/ n. In plant and animal cells, organelles that remove waste and store food.
s were previously made by killing or weakening a virus or bacteria and then injecting it. Its surface proteins caused an immune reaction. Occasionally, these s would make people ill.
Vaccine. A preparation of dead or weakened pathogen, or of derived antigenic determinants, that is used to induce formation of antibodies or immunity against the pathogen. (See Polyvalent vaccine, Subunit vaccine.) ...
Because s are down the road, how important is it to continue really strong public health policies and prevention information and education, and get that information out to people? ...
Vaccines are injections given to you to prevent a viral or other pathogen induced illness. The vaccine mimics the pathogen.
s for malaria are under development, with no completely effective yet available (as of November 2004).
vaccine A preparation of either killed microorganisms; living, weakened (attenuated) microorganisms; or inactivated bacterial toxins (toxoids); ...
derived from recombination of rabies glycoprotein gene from ERA strain in the depleted thymidine-kinase region of the Copenhagen strain of vaccinia virus genome ...
vaccine (vaccination) - material used to induce specific protective immunity to a pathogen. Vaccination is an artificial introduction of a killed or attenuated pathogen to promote protective immunity.
vascular supply B blood supply ...
The reserve that was made to combat the possible H5N1 threat took even longer, because the H5N1 viruses were so virulent that they killed chick embryos before much virus was made, ...
In addition to vaccines, a few other weapons have been designed to combat the flu.
Agents, such as s, that give immunity to diseases or harmful biotic stresses. Biomass. The total dry weight of all organisms in a particular sample, population, or area. Bioremediation.
For example, healthcare workers are routinely vaccinated with a recombinant hepatitis B vaccine made by inserting a piece of the hepatitis B virus genome (the part that codes for the HBsAg) into yeast cells via a plasmid.
for discovering the therapeutic effect of lobotomy 1950 Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein, Philip Showalter Hench for the discovery of the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and function 1951 Max Theiler for developing a ...
Using the immune system to treat disease, for example, in the development of vaccines. May also refer to the therapy of diseases caused by the immune system.
See also: cancer (ORNL)
There is some people who have started using the this idea to investigate ways to create s in potatoes and that's incredible because if you think about it s are great way to stop diseases like small pox or whatever but they require large ...
Viral diseases in humans are controlled by preventing transmission, administering vaccines, and only recently by the administration of antiviral drugs.
Oil (← links)
Gel transfer (← links)
Fingerprint (← links)
Fingerprinting (← links)
Northern blot analysis (← links)
Imbibition (← links)
Sephacryl (← links)
Sephadex (← links)
Sepharose (← links) ...
Knowing the genetic sequence of a virus can help in disease prevention, allowing for more rapid vaccine development. A vaccine typically contains either a milder version of the virus or individual viral proteins that are made in a lab.
cytotoxic T lymphocyte, CD4 T lymphocyte, CD8 T lymphocyte, cancer , natural killer cell, apoptosis, tumor induced lymphocyte
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Post-translational modifications similar to those in mammalian cells
Cost, though more than for culturing bacteria and yeast, less than for mammalian cells e.g. potential vaccine for AIDS virus produced by expression of one of the HIV glycoproteins ...
electrophoresis, human genome project, light microscope, observation, prediction, resolution, scientific method, transgenic animal, virulent, control group, DNA, gene cloning, hypothesis, magnification, pH, probe, restriction enzyme, theory, ...
Viruses are very interesting in that they can only survive inside a living cell. So they must have a living cell in order to survive and replicate. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses, but vaccines are, as well as some antivirals.
See also: Human, Trans, Biology, Cells, Organ