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the process of converting the information contained in a sequence or RNA bases into a sequence of amino acids
Source: Jenkins, John B. 1990. Human Genetics, 2nd Edition. New York: Harper & Row ...

The ribosome-mediated production of a polypeptide whose amino acid sequence is specified by the nucleotide sequence in an mRNA.

Decoding of mRNA sequences to produce a protein.
Related ...

is the second process of protein biosynthesis (part of the overall process of gene expression). In , Messenger RNA (mRNA) is decoded to produce a specific polypeptide according to the rules specified by the genetic code.

Translation of at least one mRNA in humans is repressed by a protein — aminoacyl tRNA synthetase.

of RNA into Proteins
This animation shows the ribosome and the different components used in .
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Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis.

is the process in biology in which a ribosome uses the information stored in messenger RNA (mRNA) link together the sequence of amino acids which form proteins. is preceded by transcription in which the mRNA is formed.

7.4.1 Explain that each tRNA molecule is recognized by a tRNA-activating enzyme that binds a specific amino acid to the tRNA, using ATP for energy.

is the process where ribosomes synthesize proteins using the mature mRNA transcript produced during transcription.
Overview ...

Translation: RNA >>> Proteins
There are only 9 genes in the HIV RNA.

begins with the binding of the small ribosomal subunit to a specific sequence on the mRNA chain.

The mechanism of trans-translation however is mysterious. Because the TLD of tmRNA has no anticodon, it is not clear how it can recognize and bind to the empty A site of a stalled ribosome (Figure 2).

The transcription of a DNA molecule into mRNA molecules, and the subsequent of the mRNA molecules into polypeptides, within a laboratory mixture which contains ribosomes, enzymes, and all of the necessary components.

Main article: Translation
During translation, the message of mRNA is decoded to make proteins. Initiation and elongation occur when the ribosome recognizes the starting codon on the mRNA strand and binds to it.

ends when a stop codon enters the A site. This allows a release factor to bind instead of an aminoacyl tRNA.

The mRNA is now ready for translation, which is organised by the ribosomes, which now attach themselves to the mRNA.

: mRNA to Protein via tRNA
is the synthesis of a polypeptide chain from amino acids by using codon sequences on mRNA
tRNA with anticodon carries amino acid to mRNA associated with ribosome ...

Ribosome has three sites - P site, A site, E site
Initiation - Ribosome + mRNA + tRNA come together at AUG start codon ...

The synthesis of protein on a template of messenger RNA; consists of three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination. Making of a polypeptide sequence by translating the genetic code of an mRNA molecule associated with a ribosome.

The assembly of amino acids into polypeptides using the genetic information encoded in the molecules of mRNA.

[L. trans, across + latus, that which is carried]
The synthesis of a polypeptide using the genetic information encoded in an mRNA molecule. There is a change of "language" from nucleotides to amino acids.
translocation ...

translation Synthesis of protein on an mRNA template.
translocation Transfer of a segment of one chromosome to another chromosome.

- process whereby mRNA code is used by the ribosome to synthesize a polypeptide chain (protein) from amino acid precursors.
transposable element - see transposon ...

translation the process by which the genetic code is transferred to an amino acid sequence in a protein.
tricuspid valve a valve that passes blood from the right atrium into the right ventricle.

. The process of converting the genetic infor- mation of an mRNA on ribosomes into a polypeptide. Transfer RNA molecules carry the appropriate amino acids to the ribosome, where they are joined by peptide bonds.

The process in which the genetic code carried by mRNA directs the synthesis of proteins from amino acids.
See also: transcription
Translocation ...

The will be completed with funding from:
the NSF Recognition Award for the Integration of Research & Education
O Projeto Biológico
Portuguese of The Biology Project. ...

In translation
Messenger RNA (mRNA) carries information about a protein sequence to the ribosomes, the protein synthesis factories in the cell. It is coded so that every three nucleotides (a codon) correspond to one amino acid.

And now.:
The process of using an RNA template to create a polypeptide or protein made of amino acids.

- The process of biosynthesis of a polypeptide chain using genetic instructions from the mRNA
Transposon ...

is the process of converting the mRNA codon sequences into an amino acid sequence. The initiator codon (AUG) codes for the amino acid N-formylmethionine (f-Met). No transcription occurs without the AUG codon.

Translation of specific mRNAs can be blocked by regulatory proteins that bind to specific sequences or structures within the 5' leader region of mRNA.
This prevents attachment of ribosomes.

the transport of substances from one part of a plant to another
Transpiration the loss of water vapour from a plant
Tricuspid valve the valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle in the heart of a mammal ...

(v) Translation
A: (iv) Transcription
(#) True or False, unlike prokaryotes, the primary means of control of gene expression in eukaryotes is at the level of translation.

Method used to introduce 32p into a DNA probe so that the probe can be detected.
Related Terms:
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) ...

Back translation Use of the experimentally determined amino acid sequence of part or all of a polypeptide to determine the theoretical nucleic acid base sequence(s) which could code for it. This is normally done using a computer programme.

The synthesis of polypeptides () is catalyzed by ribosomes.
Cells are surrounded by lipid-protein membranes.
Imported energy is used to maintain cellular structure and to build new cells.

Possible post-translational modifications of histone molecules include deacetylation of lysine, methylation of lysine and arginine, ubiquitination or phosphorylation.

Programmed Cell Death
Genetics is the study of heredity or inheritance. Genetics helps to explain how traits are passed from parents to their young. Understanding certain genetic concepts can be difficult for beginners.

See also: See also: Trans, Protein, Sequence, Biology, DNA

Biology  Transition  Translocation

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