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Somatic

Biology  Solution hybridization  Somatic cell

somatic
pertaining to the body, for example, somatic mutation in which a stable gene change occurs in a body cell rather than in a germ (reproductive ) cell
Source: Noland, George B. 1983. General Biology, 11th Edition. St. Louis, MO. C. V. Mosby ...


cell
Any plant or animal cell other than a germ cell or germ-cell precursor.

Somatic
1. Pertaining to or characteristic of the soma or body.
2. Pertaining to the body wall in contrast to the viscera.

Cells
A cell is any cell of the body except sperm and egg cells. cells are diploid, meaning that they contain two sets of chromosomes, one inherited from each parent.

Somatic
Related to the body. Pronounce:
Related Links
This is a search for somatic in our database ...

cell: These are all cells other than sex cells. Also called �body� cells.
Homologous: Having two of the same alleles on the same gene (one inherited from each parent such as 2 recessives or 2 dominants. (homo means the same) ...

Somatic Hypermutation (SHM) and Antibody Diversity
The diversifying mechanisms described above take place before the B cell encounters antigen.

cell - any cell in the body that is not a germ cell (reproductive cell).
spindle fibers - protein structures which move the chromosomes during cell division.

Somatic cells: Any cell in the body except sex cells.
Template: a single DNA strand that serves as pattern for building a new second strand.
Thymine (T): A base; one of the molecular components of DNA and RNA. Always bonds with adenine (T-A).

cell
[Gk. soma, body]
Any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg cell.
nervous system ...

somatic cell A cell that is not or will not become a gamete; the cells of the body.
somatic senses All senses except vision, hearing, taste, and smell; include pain, temperature, and pressure.

cells: Cells of body tissues other than the germline.
Splicing: See gene splicing.
StarLinkTM: An insect-resistant variety of corn that was approved for animal feed only, not labeled for human consumption.

somatic cell gene therapy /sō-MAT-ək, -ik/ n. The incorporation new genetic material into somatic cells for therapeutic purposes. The new genetic material cannot be passed to offspring. See also: gene therapy.

mesoderm [Gr. somatikos - of or for the body]. The cellular layer on the external side of the coelom; formed from the delamination of lateral plate mesoderm. In conjunction with somites, it will later form body wall and limbs.

Somatic cell gene therapy. The repair or replacement of a defective gene within somatic tissue. (See Somatic cell.)
Somatotrophin. See Human growth hormone.
Southern blotting. See Southern hybridization.

gene therapy
In gene therapy, the therapeutic genes are transferred into the cells, or body, of a patient.

Somatic cell gene therapy
Incorporating new genetic material into cells for therapeutic purposes. The new genetic material cannot be passed to offspring.
See also: gene therapy
Somatic cell genetic mutation ...

The motor fibers spring from the cells of the nucleus ambiguus, ...

The somatic (voluntary) and autonomic (involuntary) nervous system

Different areas of the nervous system are used for different types of nervous reaction: ...

[edit] cell gene therapy
In cell gene therapy, the gene is introduced only in cells, especially of these tissues in which expression of the concerned gene is critical for health.

sensory somatic system a subdivision of the peripheral nervous system that carries impulses from the external environment and the senses.
sepals modified leaves that enclose and protect a growing bud in flowers.

Mutations: and Germinal, Single Gene and Chromosomal
P 68-73, 76-7, 316-35
T Ch 9, 16
Gene mutations, cancer, gonadal mosaicism and sporadics, polymorphisms, allelic and locus heterogeneity, VNTRs, STRs ...

Somatic hybrid
A hybrid cell line derived from fusion of cells from different sources. Human/rodent hybrids containing small amount of human genetic material such as a single chromosome are used in human gene mapping.
Related Terms:
Hybrid ...

cell
Any cell in the body except gametes and their precursors.
Related Terms:
Gamete
Mature male or female reproductive cell (sperm or ovum) with a haploid set of chromosomes (23 for humans).

Somatic gene therapy can be broadly split in to two categories: ex vivo (where cells are modified outside the body and then transplanted back in again) and in vivo (where genes are changed in cells still in the body.) Recombination-based approaches ...

. Germ.
Problem : If a cell has a haploid number of 14 before DNA replication, what is the cell's diploid number after DNA replication has occurred?

Somatic growth. Growth of the body, exclusive of gametes
Sorting (of a sediment). The range of scatter of particle sizes about the median grain size of a sediment
Space limited. Description of a situation in which space is a limiting resource ...

cell: Any cell in the body except gametes and their precursors. [DOE] Are the precursors stem cells?
All body cells, except the reproductive cells. NHGRI See also cells Molecular Medicine ...

somatic cell Ordinary body cell; pertaining to or characteristic of a body cell. Any cell other than a germ cell or germ-cell precursor.

The Nervous System (SNS) includes all nerves controlling the muscular system and external sensory receptors. External sense organs (including skin) are receptors. Muscle fibers and gland cells are effectors.

The somatic and autonomic nervous systems often cooperate in maintaining homeostasis.
Embryonic development of the vertebrate brain reflects its evolution from three anterior bulges of the neural tube.

Adult stem cells can play critical roles in postembryonic developmental processes such as tissue renewal, growth, repair, and regeneration [1].

(a) A somatic cell that contains too few or too many individual chromosomes is considered to be aneuploid
(b) That is, the cell has something to the effect of one extra chromosome or one missing chromosome ...

Problem 12: cell hybrids
By examining a number of -cell hybrid lines for enzyme activities and their human chromosome constitution, scientists can determine
A. ...

Somatic cell
Any cell in the body except gametes and their precursors.
See also: gamete (ORNL)
Somatic cell gene therapy
Incorporating new genetic material into cells for therapeutic purposes.

cell - all body cells except reproductive cells
gamete - reproductive cells (i.e. sperm & eggs)
chromosome - elongate cellular structure composed of DNA and protein - they are the vehicles which carry DNA in cells ...

Other cells, known as somatic cells, form the body of the organism, and perform specific roles, but all somatic cells die when the organism dies. Social evolution involves what is known as "inclusive fitness".

archeocyte - cell of sponge that can differentiate into all three other cell types of the organism.
aster - radiating formation of microtubules at each pole of a spindle apparatus, formed during mitosis; comes from word meaning "star.

See Somatic cell. Germ cell (germ line) gene therapy. The repair or re- placement of a defective gene within the gamete-forming tissues, which produces a heritable change in an organism's genetic constitution. GMO. Genetically modified organism.

Barr body -- the condensed single X-chromosome seen in the nuclei of cells of female mammals. base pair a pair of hydrogen-bonded nitrogenous bases (one purine and one pyrimidine) that join the component strands of the DNA double helix.

See also: See also: Cells, Cell, Human, Organ, Trans

Biology  Solution hybridization  Somatic cell

 
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