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Lower epidermis

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Lower epidermis generally contains more stomates than upper epidermis
Palisade Mesophyll - tightly packed cells on the upper surface ...


. Typically. most of the stomata (thousands per square centimeter) are located in the .

Scattered throughout the epidermis (primarily the lower epidermis) are pairs of specialized cells with chloroplasts called guard cells . A pore, the stoma, lies between these cells, and allows gases to pass into and out of the leaf.

Dicotyledons usually have more stomata on the than the upper epidermis. As these leaves are held horizontally, upper epidermis is directly illuminated. Less number of stomata on the upper epidermis can then prevent water loss.

plant leaf tissue located between the upper and the lower epidermis
Source: Noland, George B. 1983. General Biology, 11th Edition. St. Louis, MO. C. V. Mosby
...

mesophyll /MEZ-oh-fill/ The mid-layer of a leaf between the upper and es; portion of a leaf where photosynthesis occurs.

(mez-oh-fil) [Gk. mesos, middle + phyllon, leaf]
The ground tissue of a leaf, sandwiched between the upper and lower epidermis and specialized for photosynthesis.
messenger RNA (mRNA) ...

The epidermis is usually transparent (epidermal cells lack chloroplasts) and coated on the outer side with a waxy cuticle that prevents water loss. The cuticle is in some cases thinner on the than on the upper epidermis, ...

The ground tissue of the leaf, the mesophyll, is sandwiched between the upper and lower epidermis.

This tissue is found in the lower half of the leaf (lower surface) and has few chloroplasts. It provides gas exchange (CO2 uptake and O2release) and therefore needs to be close to the stomata found in the .

See also: See also: Epidermis, Plant, Leaf, Cells, Photosynthesis

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