a 5-carbon sugar having one oxygen atom less than ribose sugar; a component of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Source: Noland, George B. 1983. General Biology, 11th Edition. St. Louis, MO. C. V. Mosby ...
2 deoxy D ribose, the sugar that when linked by 3_ 5_ phosphodiester bonds forms the backbone of dna.
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Structurally simple carbohydrate. Deoxyribose is an important part of deoxyribonucleic acid.
, which has a hydrogen atom attached to its #2 carbon atom (designated 2')
Ribose, which has a hydroxyl group atom there
-containing nucleotides, the deoxyribonucleotides, are the monomers of DNA.
deoxyribose Five-carbon sugar found in nucleotides of DNA. PICTURE
depth diversity gradient The increase in species richness with increasing water depth until about 2000 meters below the surface, where species richness begins to decline.
The sugar component of DNA, having one less hydroxyl group than ribose, the sugar component of RNA.
dependent variable ...
deoxyribose the five-carbon carbohydrate attached to purine or pyrimidine bases within DNA molecules.
dermal tissue the tissue that functions to protect the plant from injury and water loss and covers the outside of the plant.
- A five-membered sugar ring that lacks a hydroxyl group at one position, and is the sugar group for DNA.
A type of sugar that is one component of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
A 5-carbon sugar having 1 oxygen atom less than ribose; a component of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
dependency ratio The number of nonworking members compared to working members for a given population.
The deoxyribose sugar of the DNA backbone has 5 carbons and 3 oxygens.
The carbon atoms are numbered 1', 2', 3', 4', and 5' to distinguish from the numbering of the atoms of the purine and pyrmidine rings.
a sugar - .
a base - either adenine, guanine, thymine or cytosine.
(iv) An amino acid
(v) The various functional groups as discussed in your text ...
DNA encodes the information needed to build proteins, to regulate physiological processes and maintain homeostasis in our bodies. The basic chemical components of DNA are phosphate, (a sugar) and 4 nitrogenous bases: adenine (A), ...
A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid Text of the original paper that Watson and Crick published in 1953.
A pentose sugar ( in DNA, ribose in RNA)
A phosphate group
An organic base which fall into 2 groups,
Purines (double rings of C and N - bigger) ...
An organic acid and polymer composed of four nitrogenous bases--adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine linked via intervening units of phosphate and the pentose sugar deoxyribose.
Compounds consisting of a purine (adenine or guanine) or pyrimidine (thymine or cytosine) attached to ribose (in RNA) or (in DNA) at the 11 carbon.
A structure for deoxyribose nucleic acids. Nature 171:737-738.
^ Judson, H.F.. "No Nobel Prize for Whining", New York Times, 2003-10-20. Retrieved on 2007-08-03.
^ Watson, J.D. and G. Stent (preface). 1980.
Nucleoside In molecular biology; a molecule composed of a sugar (2' in DNA; ribose in RNA) which is linked to a purine (adenine or guanine) or a pyrimidine (thymine (DNA), cytidine or uridine (RNA)).
DNA (deoxyribose nucleic acid) is the genetic material of all cells. RNAs (ribose nucleic acid) which are closely related, ...
Well and ribose are the two sugars. can you guess which one uses that? You're right! ...
Each nucleotide sub-unit consists of a phosphate, a deoxyribose sugar, and one of the four nitrogenous nucleobases. The purine bases adenine (A) and guanine (G) are larger and consist of two aromatic rings.
At one end of each strand there is a phosphate group attached to the carbon atom number 5 of the (this indicates the 5' terminal) and at the other end of each strand is a hydroxyl group attached to the carbon atom number 3 of the ...
The deoxyribose sugar ring.
Is the deoxyribose ring flat or puckered?
Location of the sugar in the DNA double helix.
Are the two strands of DNA parallel or anti-parallel?
Structure of GC and AT base pairs.
A nucleotide is made up of a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group covalently bonded to a five-carbon sugar molecule ( in DNA and ribose in RNA). purines and pyrimidines.
The only difference between the sugars is the lack of an oxygen atom on carbon two in deoxyribose.
Because the atoms in both the nitrogenous base and the sugar are numbered, the sugar atoms have a prime after the number to distinguish them.
Long linear polymer, composed of four kinds of nucleotides, that is the carrier of genetic information.
An enzyme which cleaves phosphate-deoxyribose bonds within (endonuclease) or at the end (exonuclease) of a nucleotide sequence. Nucleases usually recognize a specific substrate, such as single- or double-stranded DNA or RNA.
This enzyme severs the tie between the base and the group. This reaction is similar to a process that occurs spontaneously, that is without an enzyme. The bond between the base and the sugar can be hydrolyzed and the base lost.
Each strand has a backbone made of alternating sugar (deoxyribose) and phosphate groups. Attached to each sugar is one of four bases--adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T).
A subunit of DNA or RNA consisting of a nitrogenous base (purine in adenine and guanine, pyrimidine in thymine, or cytosine for DNA and uracil cytosine for RNA), a phosphate molecule, and a sugar molecule ( in DNA and ribose in RNA).
Pentose sugar: A sugar molecule containing five carbon atoms. E.g.: deoxyribose.
Phage: A virus which infects a bacterial cell. Also called a Bacteriophage.
Nucleotide: the unit of DNA, consisting of one base, one phosphate molecule, and the sugar . See also base.
Pathogen: a disease-causing agent (e.g. bacteria, virus, insect, etc.).
The sugar is deoxyribose (DNA) or ribose (RNA). The bases of DNA are adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine. Notice that the carbon atoms in one of the nucleotides diagrammed below have been numbered.
It would be more accurate to label the nucleotide deoxyadenosine monophosphate, as it includes the sugar and a phosphate group in addition to the nitrogenous base.
nucleosides - compound composed of a purine or pydimidine base linked to either a ribose or deoxyribose sugar. DNA and RNA are not polymers of nucleosides.
Pure carbohydrates contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, in a 1:2:1 molar ratio, giving the general formula CnH2nOn. However, many important carbohydrates deviate from this, such as .
Genetics: autosome, sex chromosome, DNA, DNA polymerase, DNA replication, allele, genetic diversity, gene, RNA, nucleic acid, nucleotide, complementary base pair, crossing-over, codon, base-pairing rules, deoxyribose, homologous chromosome, ...
1929 - Phoebus Levene discovers the sugar in nucleic acids.
1929 - Edward Doisy and Adolf Butenandt independently discover estrone.
1930 - John Northrop shows that the pepsin enzyme is a protein.
See also: DNA, Molecule, Nucleotide, Base, RNA