HumanitiesWeb.org - Glossary definition: Grotesque Grotesque
A decorative style similar to Arabesque only more bizarre, deriving from a reference to "grottos" and those plants and animals though to inhabit such places.
- a carving usually of a demon, dragon, or half human/half animal, serving no utilitarian purpose. Often confused with gargoyles.
impost - the row of stones on which an arch rests.
grotesque: decorative painting or sculpture, fantastic interweaving of human or animal forms with foliage; comically distorted figures.
. Derived from the term grotto which was used in the 16th century to describe the ruins of the Domus Aurea (Nero's palace in Rome).
GROTESQUE - A kind of ornament used in antiquity consisting of representations of medallions, sphinxes, foliage, and imaginary creatures. St.
A carved or painted decoration that combines human elements with animal and plant elements in an unrecognized motif, i.e. not a centaur, satyr, putto, mermaid, or recognizable religious figure.
Grotesques : A class of decorative sculpture forms often found in or on Gothic structures.
s: A decorative sculpture known as a . A may function solely as decoration not as a water spout as in a Gargoyle.
Grotesque - Strange. ugly protuberances on Gothic buildings, especially Churches. The grotesque forms, when not used as drain-spouts, should not be called gargoyles, but rather referred to simply as grotesques
- art characterized by an incongruous mixture of parts of humans and animals interwoven with plants
kitsch - excessively garish or sentimental art; usually considered in bad taste ...
A grotesquely carved figure that serves as a spout to carry water from a gutter away from the building.
Sacré-Coeur, Paris ...
York Minster s
Washington National Cathedral
Codex Justinianus (Bologna, 3rd quarter of the 13th century) ...
Marmosets: Grotesque human and animal figures sculpted in stone, often underlying jamb figures. From the Old French word marmouset (1280).
(lit. grotto-esque): Wall decoration adopted from Roman examples in the Renaissance. Its foliage scrolls incorporate figurative elements. Compare Arabesque.
GARGOYLE: water-spout projecting from a parapet and carved, usually with a grotesque face.
GARRETTED: see Galletted.
GESSO: plaster or decoration carried out in plaster.
GREEK CROSS: A cross where all four arms are the same length.
of architecture and ornament prevalent between the twelfth and sixteenth centuries, considered old-fashioned in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, characterized by pointed arches, ribbed vaulting, and flying buttresses, and by ...
Grotesque: A marginal figure or animal, or hybrid combination of human and animal or plant, frequent especially in Gothic manuscript illumination and especially in marginal illumination.
Originally a jewelers term applied to a rough pearl, now applied to a vigorous, exuberant style - , extravagant, whimsical - in vogue from the mid 16th to the late 18th century: sometimes used as equivalent to rococo.
" He loves striking contrasts, violent and astounding oppositions, the monstrous-grotesque, the antithetic and inverted. Thinking of his double life as monk and stateman of Christendom, he called himself: "the chimera of my age.
A gargoyle may also be called a ry, meaning that it is .
Gargoyle - Carved figure with grotesque features; often on corners of buildings.
Garland - Ornamental detail in the shape of a band of flowers
Gingerbread - Elaborate wooden fretwork used on gables or as porch trim ...
A projecting bracket often carved with monster heads.
A row of corbels used as a decorative feature. Often placed below the eaves of a roof, possibly in imitation of the carved ends of projecting roof beams.
Misericord, In the choir stalls of medieval church, a bracket (often grotesquely or humorously carved) beneath a hinged seat which, when the seat was tipped up, gave some support to a person standing during a lengthy service.
Gargoyle - Originally a decorative waterspout featuring a lion or creature.
Glazed Brick - Another term for enameled brick, it refers to a "glassy" or lustrous surface.
An ornament found in Carved Norman doorways, shaped like a grotesque bird or beast with beaks. Usually biting into a roll-moulding.
- a projecting water spout, usually ly carved in the form of an animal or human figure.
Baroque means "irregular, contorted, grotesque". This was a time of theatre on a grander scale. Domes were big, facades were highly ornamented which found its total cartharsis in the Rococo Period which pushed the style to its most extreme. (p.
The upper triangular part of an external wall at the end of a double-pitched roof Gable-roof A double pitched roof, sloping straight from the ridge to the eaves on two sides, with a gable on the other two sides Gargoyle A ...
gargoyle A figurine that projects from a roof or the parapet of a wall or tower and is carved into a grotesque figure, human or animal.
a spout placed on the roof gutter of a Gothic building to carry away rainwater; usually carved in the shapes of fanciful animals and beasts.
- Projecting bracket often carved with grotesque monster heads.
Crocket. - Small decorative leafy sculpture mainly used on the outer curve of arches in the 13th and 14th centuries.
See also: Architecture, Ornament, Capital, Roman, Church